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11.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,1
Número páginas84
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_LAC_RE_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive renewable energy statistics on a range of topics. This publication presents IRENA’s latest statistics for renewable power
generation and capacity, as well as renewable energy balances for all countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region. Data have been obtained from a variety of sources, including the IRENA questionnaire, official national statistics, industry association reports, consultant reports and news articles. IRENA gratefully acknowledges the support of national correspondents and other experts for their help in compiling this dataset.  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina y el Caribe; Biogas; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energías alternativas; Estadísticas
 
12.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)3,3
Número páginas20
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Jobs_Annual_Review_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review presents the status of renewable energy employment, both by technology and in selected countries, over the past year. In this third edition, IRENA estimates
that renewable energy employed 8.1 million people around the world in 2014 (excluding large hydropower). This is a 5% increase from the number reported the previous year. In addition, IRENA conducted a second global estimate of large hydropower employment, showing approximately 1.3 million direct jobs in the sector. While the growth in jobs slowed down compared to previous years, the total number of jobs in renewables worldwide continued to rise, in stark contrast with depressed labour markets in the broader energy sector. Countries with the highest number of renewable energy jobs were China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan and Germany. Solar PV was the largest renewable energy employer with 2.8 million jobs worldwide, an 11% increase over 2014. Solar PV employment grew in Japan and the United States, stabilised in China, and continued decreasing in the European Union. Wind power witnessed a record growth year. Strong installation rates in China, the United States and Germany resulted in a 5% increase in global employment, to reach 1.1 million jobs.  
Palabras claveBrasil; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía renovable; Energía solar; Género; Mercado de trabajo; Nivel mundial
 
13.
 
InstituciónGerman Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)4,7
Número páginas131
Descargar bajo http://www.bmwi.de/English/Redaktion/Pdf/innovation-durch-forschung-forschungsfoerderung-ee-2014,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi2012,sprache=en,rwb=true.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The annual "Innovation Through Research" report provides substantive information about the entire spectrum of applied research funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy in the
field of non-nuclear energy technology. This report is the first one which, following the change in ministerial portfolios, presents the research being funded along the entire energy chain: the generation of energy from renewable and fossil sources, energy transmission and storage, and efficient energy use in buildings, urban environments and industry. It highlights findings from research and development made in 2014, provides background information on the latest technological and market developments, and presents in detail individual projects which illustrate the significance and diversity of the research work.  
Palabras claveAlemania; Eficiencia energética; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Financiación de la investigación; Innovación tecnológica; Redes electricas inteligentes
 
14.
 
InstituciónGerman Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,2
Número páginas104
Descargar bajo http://www.bmwi.de/English/Redaktion/Pdf/weissbuch-englisch,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi2012,sprache=en,rwb=true.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Germany’s power supply must remain cheap and reliable, especially as increasing amounts of wind and solar power come onto the market. This is because the general public, small businesses and
industry rely on electricity being available as and when they need it, and on receiving an affordable electricity bill at the end of the month. The electricity market design can deliver an economic electricity supply if it permits fair and European competition between all power producers and consumers. In this White Paper are set out the various measures which will transform a electricity market 2.0 into reality.  
Palabras claveAlemania; Energía eólica; Energía solar; Mercados de energía; Transformación del sector energético
 
15.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,8
Número páginas44
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_ETSAP_Tech_Brief_R12_Solar_Thermal_Residential_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Solar thermal systems (STS) are a mature technology that has been successfully deployed in several countries for residential applications since the early 1980s. This IRENA/IEA-ETSAP Technology Brief
provides technical background, analyses the potential and the barriers for market growth, and offers insights for policy makers on this key renewable energy technology. Adopting STS makes sense in countries relying on gas or oil imports for heating, in growing economies where domestic use of electric boilers strains the electricity system, or where cooling demand is high during sunshine hours. As manufacturing industries for STS in some countries mature, a wider international market is opening up. International or regional certification schemes would strengthen the sector, providing quality assurance while taking market conditions into account. Long-term mandates have helped to nurture sound, economically attractive STS markets. Government programmes to promote small, domestic solar water heating systems among low-income families or social housing projects have emerged as a way to reduce household energy costs, create jobs and meet rising energy demand with renewables. Extending low-interest loans or establishing solar-based district heating are other attractive options to further STS use.  
Palabras claveEnergía solar térmica
 
16.
 
InstituciónDirección Nacional de Energía (DNE) del Ministerio del Industria, Energía y Minería del Gobierno de la República Oriental del Uruguay (MIEM)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,4
Número páginas12
Descargar bajo http://www.energiaeolica.gub.uy/uploads/Reportes/Resumen%20Ejecutivo%20Externalidades%20Rev2.pdf
Resumen/Abstract El objetivo de este informe es presentar los principales resultados obtenidos en la consultoría realizada para la Dirección Nacional de Energía (DNE) consistente en el análisis de componente
nacional potencial e impacto socioeconómico proveniente de la aplicación de proyectos de inversión en plantas de generación de energía eléctrica a partir de las fuentes solar fotovoltaica, eólica, biomasa y gas natural en centrales de ciclo combinado.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Gas natural; Generación de energía; Impactos socioeconómicos; Uruguay
 
17.
 
InstituciónSNV
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,7
Número páginas116
Descargar bajo http://www.snvworld.org/download/publications/2015_solar_picopv_final.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The market for solar lighting products has evolved tremendously over the past few years. Initiatives like Lighting Africa and Asia have exhibited the immense potential of the solar lighting market in
Africa and South East Asia. This growing market has been typified by a very rapid sales growth, an increased preference for and availability of quality products, continued entry of new manufacturers and distributors, growing consumer awareness and confidence, remarkable improvements in performance, and innovation in business models. Despite this success, penetration of solar Pico PV is still estimated at about 4 % of off-grid households in Africa, less than 5 % in developing Asia and in Nepal it is less than 40,000 deployments of solar Pico PV in last two decades. This scenario is leaving significant room for growth.  
Palabras claveEnergía solar; Mercados de energía; Nepal; Pico PV
 
18.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)5,7
Número páginas40
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_ETSAP_Tech_Brief_E21_Solar_Heat_Industrial_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Solar thermal systems (STS) offer vast potential for use in manufacturing. Yet widespread STS uptake requires policy-making to create the right conditions. This IRENA/IEA-ETSAP Technology Brief
provides technical background, analyses the potential and barriers for market growth, and offers insights for policy makers on this key renewable energy technology. High upfront costs are a barrier to STS adoption, particularly for small or mid-sized companies. Large, energy-intensive industries are constrained by integration challenges, along with risk aversion and expectations of shorter payback times. From a government perspective, support for solar heating systems can be a substitute for fossil-fuel subsidies or tax breaks on energy prices in the industrial sector. Furthermore, government support can stimulate local STS manufacturing. In recent years, much of the STS market has shifted from Europe to Asian, Latin American and Middle Eastern countries. This new market is served by experienced European companies as well as local companies that have succeeded in producing cheaper equipment of good quality.  
Palabras claveEnergía solar térmica; Sector industrial
 
19.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)3,0
Número páginas56
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_REmap_Electricity_Storage_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract With solar and wind installation breaking new records each year, countries with ambitious plans for these renewable power-generation technologies must consider the best ways to integrate variable
renewables onto the grid. Electricity storage is a key option available to manage variability and ensure reliable, round-the-clock supply. Declining costs and improving capacities have made batteries and other storage technologies increasingly practical for upgrading existing power systems. In the short term, battery storage can aid the transition from diesel-based generator sets to renewable options for isolated systems, such as on islands or in remote areas. For larger systems, pumped-storage hydropower remains a key technology supporting the integration of variable renewables. In the longer term, the coupling of storage technologies to rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) panels or wind turbines could revolutionise electricity production, facilitating localised power supply and challenging utilities’ existing revenue and grid-management models. Renewables and Electricity Storage, a technology roadmap prepared by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), indicates priorities and points out specific actions where governments, industry and other stakeholders to work together to advance storage systems as part of the infrastructure for a sustainable energy future, with renewable sources and technologies dominating the power sector.  
Palabras claveAlmacenamiento de energía; Costos; Energía eólica; Energía solar
 
20.
 
InstituciónAustralian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics, University of New South Wales et al
Publicado John Wiley & Sons, Ltd , 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)11,8
Número páginas9
Descargar bajo http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pip.2573/epdf
Resumen/Abstract Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and
modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined and new entries since July 2014 are reviewed.  
Palabras claveEficiencia energética; Energía solar; Energía solar fotovoltaica
 
 
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