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Energía Solar Energía Solar

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1.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)3,3
Número páginas20
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Jobs_Annual_Review_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review presents the status of renewable energy employment, both by technology and in selected countries, over the past year. In this third edition, IRENA estimates
that renewable energy employed 8.1 million people around the world in 2014 (excluding large hydropower). This is a 5% increase from the number reported the previous year. In addition, IRENA conducted a second global estimate of large hydropower employment, showing approximately 1.3 million direct jobs in the sector. While the growth in jobs slowed down compared to previous years, the total number of jobs in renewables worldwide continued to rise, in stark contrast with depressed labour markets in the broader energy sector. Countries with the highest number of renewable energy jobs were China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan and Germany. Solar PV was the largest renewable energy employer with 2.8 million jobs worldwide, an 11% increase over 2014. Solar PV employment grew in Japan and the United States, stabilised in China, and continued decreasing in the European Union. Wind power witnessed a record growth year. Strong installation rates in China, the United States and Germany resulted in a 5% increase in global employment, to reach 1.1 million jobs.  
Palabras claveBrasil; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía renovable; Energía solar; Género; Mercado de trabajo; Nivel mundial
 
2.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,6
Número páginas24
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Atlas_investment_Latin_America_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract This report provides a region-wide pre-feasibility assessment of solar and wind opportunities in Latin America, for both grid connected and off-grid systems. The outcome includes high resolution maps
(1 km resolution) indicating suitable areas for solar and wind energy projects on land, taking account of resource intensity, distance to power grids, population density, land cover, topography, altitude and protected areas. The maps can be used to identify ideal sites project sites, and also to initiate dialogue with regional and local entities and communities. For illustrative purposes, the report provides aggregate figures for technical potential, expressed in gigawatts (GW) of equivalent installed capacity, broken down by sub-region. Partners in the Global Atlas for Renewable Energy consortium have devised this method to expand the applicability of Atlas data to real-world projects. Maps are available for display and download at: http://irena.masdar.ac.ae/?map=2012  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina y el Caribe; Energía eólica; Energía solar; Inversiones; Mapa geográfico
 
3.
 
InstituciónTHEnergy; Solar Power Europe
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,8
Número páginas8
Descargar bajo http://www.th-energy.net/app/download/12303426024/20160126_Solar__storage_and_mining_final_1.pdf?t=1455100108
Resumen/Abstract The world of energy production is in a transition phase, shifting from conventional to renewable energy sources to deliver power. At the UN Climate Change Conference which took place in Paris at the
end of 2015, the global community committed to ambitious climate change efforts, which will only be achievable with a quick and focused roll-out of renewable energy all over the world. Solar is going to be a key part of this equation. Solar energy has become a cost-effective and clean alternative to conventional energy sources. In many countries, electricity prices from large PV parks are in the same range as those for coal power. However, solar power has many more advantages. Solar is a decentralised energy, which is an excellent means to deliver power for remote consumers. The annual installed capacity of solar power has quickly reached a surprising level, and we are still at the beginning of the story.  
Palabras claveEnergía solar; Inversiones; Sector minero
 
4.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,2
Número páginas56
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Capacity_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Los datos de capacidad de generación eléctrica con energías renovables que se muestran en el presente documento representan la capacidad máxima de generación neta de las centrales
eléctricas y otras instalaciones que utilizan fuentes de energías renovables para producir electricidad. Para la mayoría de los países y las tecnologías, los datos reflejan la capacidad instalada y conectada al final del año natural. Los datos se presentan en megavatios (MW) redondeados al megavatio entero más cercano, con cifras entre cero y 0.5MW representadas como un 0.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Estadísticas; Generación de energía; Nivel mundial
 
5.
 
InstituciónQVARTZ
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)11
Número páginas0,5
Descargar bajo http://qvartz.com/wp-content/uploads/Emergence-of-hybrid.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Historically, wind has been the leading renewable energy source globally with around 240 GW of installations between 2009 and 2014. During the same period, solar has seen a rise in popularity ending
up at installations of around 160 GW. In 2014, 43 GW capacity was added in wind com-pared to 39 GW in solar. Going forward, solar is expected to overtake wind as the renewable energy technology of choice. With the current outlook, the falling solar LCOEs will have the potential to attract investments worth nearly USD 300 billion into solar in the next five years. The shift towards distributed solar in emerging economies is driven by an industrial demand for cheap power, insufficient grid connectivity and increasing cost competitiveness. This ramp-up of solar and wind capacities will represent a combined investment opportunity worth USD 220 billion. Accordingly, renewables are expected to storm the energy landscape, giving rise to significant business opportunities across wind and solar supply chains. One such opportunity is the hybrid renewable energy system, which leverages synergies between the two renewable sources to benefit the producer and consumer alike.  
Palabras claveCostos; Energía eólica; Energía solar; Sistemas híbridos de energía; Tecnologías
 
6.
 
InstituciónWorld Energy Council (WEC)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,2
Número páginas52
Descargar bajo https://www.worldenergy.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Resources-E-storage-report-2016.02.04.pdf
Resumen/Abstract This report seeks to interrogate what the cost base of an array of storage technologies really means. The key conclusion is that a narrow focus on levelised cost alone can be misleading. Throughout
the cost modelling process, the same issues repeatedly emerged, namely the importance of defining the business model under consideration and how the storage plant was being operated. The report also estimates that with the many new technologies in the pipeline, storage costs of energy will fall by as much as 70% over the next 15 years. Solar storage will become more competitive as new battery technology drives prices down, and wind storage more attractive as technical advances in areas such as composite materials enables the power generated by wind turbines to increase.  
Palabras claveAlmacenamiento de energía; Electricidad; Energía eólica; Energía solar; Nivel mundial; Normas técnicas; Recursos
 
7.
 
InstituciónTHEnergy; Ripasso Energy
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,8
Número páginas13
Descargar bajo http://www.th-energy.net/app/download/13149544124/2016FEB-Study_Ripasso-THEnergy.pdf?t=1455100163
Resumen/Abstract Energy consumption in mining is typically high. Approximately 20% of the energy that the global industry consumes and around 10% of world energy consumption is used for extraction and processing of
mineral resources. From the mining industry’s perspective, energy is also an important cost factor. Normally 20-40% of a mine’s operating costs are expenditures for energy. Additional aspects are security of electricity supply, as we see blackouts in the electricity grids of many developing countries and mine outages due to issues with the diesel provision of off-grid mines. Renewable energy solutions have become increasingly interesting for mines. Falling costs have been a main driver over years for solar and wind energy solutions. One of the main barriers at this stage are intermittencies of solar and wind power plants. Already today there are quite a few examples of mines having integrated electricity from renewable resources into their energy mix.2 In off-grid contexts, the business case for so called solar diesel hybrid installations is particularly advantageous. One of the main issues is, however, that a high renewable energy share requires storage solutions, which are rather expensive today. The study analyses the Stirling engine based system and its suitability for mining applications. It covers aspects as baseload capabilities, robustness of the system, flexibility regarding fuel types and land and water use.  
Palabras claveEnergía eólica; Energía solar; Petróleo; Sector minero
 
8.
 
Institución
Publicado California Strategic Growth Council , 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,2
Número páginas72
Descargar bajo http://www.cleanenergyroadmap.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/SolarAgLands-WhitePaper_01-26-2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The San Joaquin Valley is home to some of the USA’s most fertile and prized agricultural land. It is also a very attractive location for large-scale solar projects. As of August 2015 there were at
least 120 large-scale solar projects completed or underway in the San Joaquin Valley alone, with some as large as 6,100 acres and more are expected in order to meet the State’s appetite for clean energy. With roughly 4 million residents,more than 250 crops and a total annual agricultural market value of $30 billion representing 57-percent of the State’s agricultural market,the stakes are high not only for the San Joaquin Valley but all US Americans that depend upon the region’s food production. Developers of large-scale solar facilities are drawn to the San Joaquin Valley because of its abundant solar resource,relatively flat land,proximity to transmission lines,and easier environmental impact assessments as the large majority of the land has already been utilized for farming purposes. A multi-year drought, poor air quality, population growth and prolonged economic challenges are prompting local leaders and land use planners to balance new energy production priorities with the conservation of farmland, cultural heritage, and a highly-valued sense of place. This white paper provides needed guidance by providing the first comprehensive look at how local governments are addressing the growth of large-scale solar and the preservation of agricultural land.  
Palabras claveE.E.U.U; Energía solar; Estados Unidos; Productividad agrícola; Sector agropecuario; Uso de la tierra
 
9.
 
InstituciónUruguay XXI
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,4
Número páginas38
Descargar bajo http://www.uruguayxxi.gub.uy/informacion/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2016/03/Informe-de-energ%C3%ADas-renovables-Uruguay-XXI-Marzo-2016.pdf
Resumen/AbstractEl presente informe trata de la producción de energía en base a fuentes renovables en Uruguay, que genera importantes oportunidades para el inversor.
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidraúlica; Energía solar; Inversiones; Marco regulatorio; Pobreza energética; Uruguay
 
10.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)15,0
Número páginas106
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Grid_Codes_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Increasing the share of renewable power from variable sources, namely solar and wind energy, requires technological developments to be accompanied by well-designed regulations for grid management and
operation. Grid connection codes for variable renewable energy (VRE) sources have evolved hand-in-hand with technological and operational practices, driving the adoption of the best available technologies for VRE grid integration. Lessons from pioneering countries can help in drafting a grid code for VRE integration. Yet national codes should not be appropriated wholesale from other countries. Precise technical requirements need to reflect local conditions, including the character of the existing power system. System size, voltage, interconnections, generation and distributions loads, the conventional energy mix, and the prevailing policies on renewable energy must all be taken into account. Codes must define the respective roles and responsibilities of the government and the grid operator, as well as set compliance verification mechanisms. IRENA’s report provides guidance for countries with ambitious VRE targets to develop grid codes that assure power system security. The report offers revealing case studies from several countries, including: Barbados: Early stages of grid code development for a country with rising VRE targets; Germany: Policy and technical co-ordination to resolve the “50.2 Hertz problem”, triggered by rapid penetration of solar photovoltaics in low-voltage systems; Ireland: Challenges posed by wind power in an island system without strong cross-border interconnections.  
Palabras claveCaribe; Energía eólica; Energía renovable variable (VRE); Energía solar; Estudio de caso; Redes electricas inteligentes
 
 
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