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11.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)18,1
Número páginas164
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Power_Costs_2014_report.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The competitiveness of renewable power generation technologies continued improving in 2013 and 2014, reaching historic levels. Biomass for power, hydropower, geothermal and onshore wind can all
provide electricity competitively against fossil fuel-fired power generation. Solar photovoltaic (PV) power has also become increasingly competitive, with its levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) at utility scale falling by half in four years. Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014 aims to reduce uncertainty about the true costs of renewable power generation technologies, so that governments can be more ambitious and efficient in their policy support for renewables. As this comprehensive report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) underlines, perceptions that such technologies are expensive or uncompetitive are outdated, at best.  
Palabras claveCostos; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidraúlica; Energía solar; Nivel mundial
 
12.
 
InstituciónGerman Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)4,7
Número páginas131
Descargar bajo http://www.bmwi.de/English/Redaktion/Pdf/innovation-durch-forschung-forschungsfoerderung-ee-2014,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi2012,sprache=en,rwb=true.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The annual "Innovation Through Research" report provides substantive information about the entire spectrum of applied research funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy in the
field of non-nuclear energy technology. This report is the first one which, following the change in ministerial portfolios, presents the research being funded along the entire energy chain: the generation of energy from renewable and fossil sources, energy transmission and storage, and efficient energy use in buildings, urban environments and industry. It highlights findings from research and development made in 2014, provides background information on the latest technological and market developments, and presents in detail individual projects which illustrate the significance and diversity of the research work.  
Palabras claveAlemania; Eficiencia energética; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Financiación de la investigación; Innovación tecnológica; Redes electricas inteligentes
 
13.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)5,6
Número páginas128
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Water_Energy_Food_Nexus_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Renewable energy technologies can address trade-offs between water, energy and food, bringing substantial benefits in all three key sectors. This report from the International Renewable Energy Agency
(IRENA) looks at how adopting renewables can ease trade-offs by providing less resource-intensive energy services compared to conventional energy technologies. An energy system with substantial shares of renewable energy would be less water-intensive than one dependent on fossil fuels. Renewable energy technologies can boost water security by improving accessibility, affordability and safety. Integrating renewable energy in the agrifood supply chain helps to rein in cost volatility, bolster energy security, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to long-term food sustainability. Modern bioenergy – sustainably and efficiently managed – could play an important role in these ongoing transformations.  
Palabras claveAbastecimiento de agua; Biogas; Brasil; Energía geotérmica; Energía solar; Nicaragua; Nivel mundial; Sector agropecuario
 
14.
 
InstituciónIGA c/o Bochum University of Applied Sciences,
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,5
Número páginas11
Descargar bajo https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2015/08008.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The technical paper describes the geothermal status in Latin America and the Caribbean. Several development partners are active in the region aiming to assist in geothermal energy development. Project
approaches differ depending whether they a re-conducted in the framework of technical or financial cooperation. Determining factors also include the funding source, multilateral, bilateral, regional bank funding and others. Project approaches are presented and their effectiveness analyzed.  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina y el Caribe; Cooperación al desarrollo; Energía geotérmica; Financiamiento; Países en Desarrollo
 
15.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,4
Número páginas22
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/Global_Atlas_Geothermal.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is working with the geothermal community (a network of institutes, experts and the private sector) to extend the services of the Global Atlas for
Renewable Energy to cover geothermal energy. This geothermal component of the Global Atlas is envisaged as: a tool to aid political discussions on the subject; an entry point for investors conducting preliminary search on prospective geothermal markets; and a tool to support potentially massive future efforts by the geothermal community to compare and harmonise assessment protocols and reporting codes. IRENA’s strategy report explains the current spatial-data infrastructure of the Global Renewable Energy Atlas, the strategy for expanding this to cover geothermal energy, possible partnership structures, and the work plan foreseen for achieving the goal of a Global Atlas that includes a focus on geothermal energy.  
Palabras claveEnergía geotérmica; Potenciales
 
16.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)8,9
Número páginas68
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_GlobalAtlas_World_of_Renewables_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The Global Atlas for Renewable Energy (Global Atlas) aims to close the gap between countries with access to the datasets, expertise and financial support to evaluate their renewable energy potential,
and those lacking such elements. As of January 2015, a total of 67 countries and more than 50 institutes and partners were contributing to the initiative, which is coordinated by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The Global Atlas facilitates a first screening for areas of opportunity for more detailed assessments. It enables the user to overlay information listed in a catalogue of more than 1,000 datasets, and to identify areas of interest for further prospection. This brochure presents an extract of the datasets hosted by the Global Atlas. All information in the booklet is also available through the Global Atlas interface, where IRENA is continuously adding information to the system. The interface includes maps on solar, wind, geothermal and bioenergy resources, along with one marine energy map. The datasets will eventually encompass all renewable energy resources, providing the first-ever global coverage in a resource-assessment atlas of this kind. IRENA is grateful to the data providers of the Global Atlas for making this publication possible.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía solar; Energías renovables; Potenciales
 
17.
 
InstituciónEscuela Politécnica Nacional (EPN), Ecuador; Corporación Electrica del Ecuador (CELEC), Ecuador
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,6
Número páginas14
Descargar bajo https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2015/01059.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Utilization of geothermal energy in Ecuador is still restricted to direct use in swimming pools, nevertheless, government policies aim to develop renewable energy resources including hydro, wind,
solar, biomass and geothermal. Profound changes in both energy and production matrixes are underway to be completed in the next three years, mostly based on substantial increases of hydropower generation to lessen or even eliminate the use of fossil fuels. Profound changes in both energy and production matrixes are underway to be completed in the next three years, mostly based on substantial increases of hydropower generation to lessen or even eliminate the use of fossil fuels. The current energy mix is dominated by hydro (50%) and fossil fuels (47%) and other (3%), with a total installed generation capacity of 4,797.94 MWe. This results in a gross electricity production of 21,638.00 GWh/yr (as of 2012) where 12,536.00 GWh are from renewable sources and 10,310.92 GWh from fossil fuels; the remainder of 238 GWh corresponds to imported energy from Colombia and Peru. The 2011/2012 increase in gross energy production was 11.21%. Electricity production from renewable energy sources other than hydro increased in the last years to about 129.90 MWe.  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina; Ecuador; Energía geotérmica; Recursos geotérmicos
 
18.
 
InstituciónServicio Geológico Colombiano, Bogotá, Colombia
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,6
Número páginas15
Descargar bajo https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/WGC/papers/WGC/2015/01005.pdf
Resumen/Abstract In Colombia there is not any geothermal development at this time. However, during the last few years, several factors have created new and more favorable conditions for development of geothermal
energy in this country. Some of these factors are the growing concern on the global climate change, and the consequent search for finding renewable low emission gas energy sources, global and regional initiatives to promote the geothermal development in Latin America and the Caribbean countries, the recognition of the geothermal resource as a potential competitive energy source by the national power generation sector and the interest of the local tourism sector in balneology and, the persistence of the Colombian government in strengthening the role of institutions in charge of energy planning and exploration of geothermal resources, to enable the utilization of geothermal resources.  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina; Colombia; Energía geotérmica; Generación de energía eléctrica; Recursos geotérmicos
 
19.
 
InstituciónRenewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21)
Publicado Paris, 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN978-3-9815934-6-4
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)19,4
Número páginas251
Descargar bajo http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/REN12-GSR2015_Onlinebook_low1.pdf
Resumen/Abstract First released in 2005, REN21’s Renewables Global Status Report (GSR) provides a comprehensive and timely overview of renewable energy market, industry, investment and policy developments worldwide.
It enables policymakers, industry, investors and civil society to make informed decisions. The Renewables Global Status Report relies on up-to-date renewable energy data, provided by an international network of more than 500 contributors, researchers, and authors.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energías renovables; Estadísticas; Inversiones; Mercados de energía; Nivel mundial
 
20.
 
InstituciónISAGEN S.A. ESP
Publicado Medellín, Colombia, 2014
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,6
Número páginas7
Descargar bajo http://www.os.is/gogn/unu-gtp-sc/UNU-GTP-SC-18-07.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Geothermal energy in Colombia is mostly exploited by direct uses, in tourism - bathing and swimming, and minor uses in heating; however, it is necessary to explore the potential of other uses such as
power generation. Although Colombia is rich in energy generation, where its main production source is hydroelectric, other sources of renewable energy, such as geothermal energy are strategic to diversify the energy matrix and to increase the reliability associated with hydroelectric power generation. Initial reconnaissance studies of geothermal resources in Colombia were held in the 1970s, in spite of that, geothermal development in this country is considered incipient, and there is no installed geothermal power capacity yet. Currently, with support of different entities, national and abroad, there are two projects in the prefeasibility and feasibility stages in progress in the country, with 190 MW of geothermal potential in the Macizo Volcánico del Ruiz and Tufiño-Chiles-Cerro Negro areas. Other studies have been developed by the Colombian Geological Survey (SGC), which has conducted reconnaissance and prefeasibility studies in some areas, such as the Paipa, Azufral Volcano, San Diego Maar, Cerro Machín Volcano, and others, in order to increase the knowledge of the geothermal potential of the country.  
Palabras claveColombia; Energía geotérmica
 
 
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