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11.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,2
Número páginas56
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Capacity_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Los datos de capacidad de generación eléctrica con energías renovables que se muestran en el presente documento representan la capacidad máxima de generación neta de las centrales
eléctricas y otras instalaciones que utilizan fuentes de energías renovables para producir electricidad. Para la mayoría de los países y las tecnologías, los datos reflejan la capacidad instalada y conectada al final del año natural. Los datos se presentan en megavatios (MW) redondeados al megavatio entero más cercano, con cifras entre cero y 0.5MW representadas como un 0.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Estadísticas; Generación de energía; Nivel mundial
 
12.
 
InstituciónUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)14,4
Número páginas71
Descargar bajo http://www.unep.org/energy/portals/50177/DES_District_Energy_Report_full_02_d.pdf
Resumen/Abstract This publication is among the first to provide concrete policy, finance and technology best practice guidance on addressing the heating and cooling sectors in cities through energy efficiency
improvements and the integration of renewables. The report is also the first to consolidate data on the multiple benefits that cities, countries and regions have achieved through the use of modern district energy, in an effort to support evidence-based policy recommendations and to raise awareness of the significance of the heating and cooling sectors, which have been insufficiently addressed in the climate and energy debate.  
Palabras claveCostos; Eficiencia energética; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energía urbana renovable; Nivel mundial; Normas legales; Tecnologías renovables
 
13.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)11,7
Número páginas172
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Island_Wind_Measurement_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Renewable energy technologies, including wind power, can help even the most remote islands achieve energy security and sustainability, while cutting fuel import costs. This extensive study from the
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) provides guidelines for islands to conduct detailed resource measurements, in order to ensure optimal siting of wind turbines for power generation. The guidelines offer insights on the goals of measurement campaigns, the basics of wind resource assessment, selection of sites for wind projects and wind monitoring, and the number and placement of measurement systems. Different types of tall towers and sensors, remote sensing systems, installation and operation, and data storage and retrieval are also examined, along with quality control and data validation procedures. For remote island communities with limited cellular telephone coverage, on-site data collection is likely to be more effective than remote data collection. The often limited availability of trained technical staff, particularly on smaller islands, favours simple, robust wind measurement equipment, such as fixed-lattice towers, with limited maintenance requirements. Participation by local firms in tasks such as the erection of towers can reduce shipping costs as well as create jobs and build community support. With expert guidance and training, most island communities possess the capability to conduct wind measurement campaigns that meet the needs of financial institutions, investors and other stakeholders.  
Palabras claveEnergía eólica; Islas; Nivel mundial; Recursos eólicos
 
14.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)3,0
Número páginas56
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_REmap_Electricity_Storage_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract With solar and wind installation breaking new records each year, countries with ambitious plans for these renewable power-generation technologies must consider the best ways to integrate variable
renewables onto the grid. Electricity storage is a key option available to manage variability and ensure reliable, round-the-clock supply. Declining costs and improving capacities have made batteries and other storage technologies increasingly practical for upgrading existing power systems. In the short term, battery storage can aid the transition from diesel-based generator sets to renewable options for isolated systems, such as on islands or in remote areas. For larger systems, pumped-storage hydropower remains a key technology supporting the integration of variable renewables. In the longer term, the coupling of storage technologies to rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) panels or wind turbines could revolutionise electricity production, facilitating localised power supply and challenging utilities’ existing revenue and grid-management models. Renewables and Electricity Storage, a technology roadmap prepared by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), indicates priorities and points out specific actions where governments, industry and other stakeholders to work together to advance storage systems as part of the infrastructure for a sustainable energy future, with renewable sources and technologies dominating the power sector.  
Palabras claveAlmacenamiento de energía; Costos; Energía eólica; Energía solar
 
15.
 
InstituciónDirección Nacional de Energía (DNE) del Ministerio del Industria, Energía y Minería del Gobierno de la República Oriental del Uruguay (MIEM)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,4
Número páginas12
Descargar bajo http://www.energiaeolica.gub.uy/uploads/Reportes/Resumen%20Ejecutivo%20Externalidades%20Rev2.pdf
Resumen/Abstract El objetivo de este informe es presentar los principales resultados obtenidos en la consultoría realizada para la Dirección Nacional de Energía (DNE) consistente en el análisis de componente
nacional potencial e impacto socioeconómico proveniente de la aplicación de proyectos de inversión en plantas de generación de energía eléctrica a partir de las fuentes solar fotovoltaica, eólica, biomasa y gas natural en centrales de ciclo combinado.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Gas natural; Generación de energía; Impactos socioeconómicos; Uruguay
 
16.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)18,1
Número páginas164
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Power_Costs_2014_report.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The competitiveness of renewable power generation technologies continued improving in 2013 and 2014, reaching historic levels. Biomass for power, hydropower, geothermal and onshore wind can all
provide electricity competitively against fossil fuel-fired power generation. Solar photovoltaic (PV) power has also become increasingly competitive, with its levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) at utility scale falling by half in four years. Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014 aims to reduce uncertainty about the true costs of renewable power generation technologies, so that governments can be more ambitious and efficient in their policy support for renewables. As this comprehensive report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) underlines, perceptions that such technologies are expensive or uncompetitive are outdated, at best.  
Palabras claveCostos; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidraúlica; Energía solar; Nivel mundial
 
17.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)15,5
Número páginas80
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Desalination_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Many islands face shortages of fresh water. Desalination using renewable energy can meet their water needs at reduced costs, this report finds.
Desalination methods such as reverse osmosis (RO) or multi-effect distillation (MED) can be combined with solar photovoltaic (PV) or concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. RO also works with wind power. While cost comparisons vary from island to island, all of these promising technologies pairings can be competitive against fossils fuels for desalination systems producing 250 cubic meters of potable water per day, a viable scale for many island communities. Follow-up studies can help to define the most suitable renewable desalination options for specific islands. IRENA produced the report using the expertise of Germany’s Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy ISE.  
Palabras claveAgua; Desalinización; Energía eólica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Islas
 
18.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,7
Número páginas60
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_QI_2_SWTs_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract This guide is part of a series prepared by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in the field of quality infrastructure (QI) for small-scale renewable energy technologies. Quality
Infrastructure for Renewable Energy Technologies: Small Wind Turbines analyses the challenges and offers recommendations for developing QI for small wind turbines (SWTs), as well as highlighting the experiences of several countries in developing and implementing QI for SWTs. The SWT guide concludes by applying guidelines for incrementally developing QI to the particular case of SWT markets.  
Palabras claveEnergía eólica; Guías generales; Infraestructura; Mejores prácticas; Mercados de energía; Turbinas eólicas
 
19.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,8
Número páginas36
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Off-grid_Renewable_Systems_WP_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract With more than a billion people lacking access to electricity, local power-generation solutions are essential to provide sustainable energy to all - particularly those consumers expected to remain
isolated from national or regional grids for the foreseeable future. Renewable power generation provides low-cost solutions to bring reliable electricity to rural households or island communities off the main grid. But while off-grid renewable energy systems are expanding rapidly on the ground, data that systematically tracks this progress remains limited. This working paper from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) provides an overview of current data sources for off-grid renewable energy systems. It suggests methodological improvements to help categorise such systems, evaluate and aggregate data and measure progress in deployment. The working paper comes as IRENA’s contribution to the Global Tracking Framework of the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative.  
Palabras claveEnergía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Sistemas aislados
 
20.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,0
Número páginas16
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Baseload_to_Peak_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Solar and wind power continue expanding, constituting almost 40% of newly installed power capacity worldwide in 2014. But taking the energy transition to the next level – to a system primarily based
on renewable sources – calls for a fundamental change in how power generation, transmission and distribution are planned and managed. In particular, it requires rethinking the concept of “baseload” power plants. This working paper from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) addresses the oft-heard critique that power generation based on variable renewable resources, such as sunshine and wind, is unsuitable to provide baseload supply. Yet as the paper shows, constructing new baseload power plants constrains the development of the future power generation mix. A flexible generation mix, enhanced grid infrastructure, demand-side options and energy storage can all be combined effectively with variable renewables to ensure reliable power supply. The working paper was presented during IRENA’s roundtable meeting, “Power System Transformation and the Utility of the Future”, at the Clean Energy Ministerial in Mérida, Mexico, in May 2015.  
Palabras claveCarga base; Carga máxima; Energía eólica; Energía solar
 
 
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