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1.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)3,3
Número páginas20
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Jobs_Annual_Review_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review presents the status of renewable energy employment, both by technology and in selected countries, over the past year. In this third edition, IRENA estimates
that renewable energy employed 8.1 million people around the world in 2014 (excluding large hydropower). This is a 5% increase from the number reported the previous year. In addition, IRENA conducted a second global estimate of large hydropower employment, showing approximately 1.3 million direct jobs in the sector. While the growth in jobs slowed down compared to previous years, the total number of jobs in renewables worldwide continued to rise, in stark contrast with depressed labour markets in the broader energy sector. Countries with the highest number of renewable energy jobs were China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan and Germany. Solar PV was the largest renewable energy employer with 2.8 million jobs worldwide, an 11% increase over 2014. Solar PV employment grew in Japan and the United States, stabilised in China, and continued decreasing in the European Union. Wind power witnessed a record growth year. Strong installation rates in China, the United States and Germany resulted in a 5% increase in global employment, to reach 1.1 million jobs.  
Palabras claveBrasil; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía renovable; Energía solar; Género; Mercado de trabajo; Nivel mundial
 
2.
 
InstituciónUruguay XXI
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,4
Número páginas38
Descargar bajo http://www.uruguayxxi.gub.uy/informacion/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2016/03/Informe-de-energ%C3%ADas-renovables-Uruguay-XXI-Marzo-2016.pdf
Resumen/AbstractEl presente informe trata de la producción de energía en base a fuentes renovables en Uruguay, que genera importantes oportunidades para el inversor.
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidraúlica; Energía solar; Inversiones; Marco regulatorio; Pobreza energética; Uruguay
 
3.
 
InstituciónRenewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21)
Publicado Paris, 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)20,0
Número páginas272
Descargar bajo http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/GSR_2016_Full_Report_REN21.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The year 2015 was an extraordinary one for renewable energy. High-profile agreements were made by G7 and G20 governments to accelerate access to renewable energy and to advance energy efficiency. The
United Nations General Assembly adopted a dedicated Sustainable Development Goal on Sustainable Energy for All (SDG 7). Despite a dramatic decline in global fossil fuel prices, the world saw the largest global capacity additions from renewables to date. However, continuing fossil fuel subsidies and low fossil fuel prices did slow growth in the heating and cooling sector, in particular. This year’s report clearly demonstrates the enormous potential of renewables. However, to accelerate the transition to a healthier, more secure and climate-safe future, we need to build a smarter, more flexible system that maximises the use of variable sources of renewable energy and that accommodates both centralised and decentralised as well as community-based generation.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energías renovables; Estadísticas; Inversiones; Mercados de energía; Nivel mundial
 
4.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,6
Número páginas24
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Atlas_investment_Latin_America_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract This report provides a region-wide pre-feasibility assessment of solar and wind opportunities in Latin America, for both grid connected and off-grid systems. The outcome includes high resolution maps
(1 km resolution) indicating suitable areas for solar and wind energy projects on land, taking account of resource intensity, distance to power grids, population density, land cover, topography, altitude and protected areas. The maps can be used to identify ideal sites project sites, and also to initiate dialogue with regional and local entities and communities. For illustrative purposes, the report provides aggregate figures for technical potential, expressed in gigawatts (GW) of equivalent installed capacity, broken down by sub-region. Partners in the Global Atlas for Renewable Energy consortium have devised this method to expand the applicability of Atlas data to real-world projects. Maps are available for display and download at: http://irena.masdar.ac.ae/?map=2012  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina y el Caribe; Energía eólica; Energía solar; Inversiones; Mapa geográfico
 
5.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,2
Número páginas56
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Capacity_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Los datos de capacidad de generación eléctrica con energías renovables que se muestran en el presente documento representan la capacidad máxima de generación neta de las centrales
eléctricas y otras instalaciones que utilizan fuentes de energías renovables para producir electricidad. Para la mayoría de los países y las tecnologías, los datos reflejan la capacidad instalada y conectada al final del año natural. Los datos se presentan en megavatios (MW) redondeados al megavatio entero más cercano, con cifras entre cero y 0.5MW representadas como un 0.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Estadísticas; Generación de energía; Nivel mundial
 
6.
 
InstituciónQVARTZ
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)11
Número páginas0,5
Descargar bajo http://qvartz.com/wp-content/uploads/Emergence-of-hybrid.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Historically, wind has been the leading renewable energy source globally with around 240 GW of installations between 2009 and 2014. During the same period, solar has seen a rise in popularity ending
up at installations of around 160 GW. In 2014, 43 GW capacity was added in wind com-pared to 39 GW in solar. Going forward, solar is expected to overtake wind as the renewable energy technology of choice. With the current outlook, the falling solar LCOEs will have the potential to attract investments worth nearly USD 300 billion into solar in the next five years. The shift towards distributed solar in emerging economies is driven by an industrial demand for cheap power, insufficient grid connectivity and increasing cost competitiveness. This ramp-up of solar and wind capacities will represent a combined investment opportunity worth USD 220 billion. Accordingly, renewables are expected to storm the energy landscape, giving rise to significant business opportunities across wind and solar supply chains. One such opportunity is the hybrid renewable energy system, which leverages synergies between the two renewable sources to benefit the producer and consumer alike.  
Palabras claveCostos; Energía eólica; Energía solar; Sistemas híbridos de energía; Tecnologías
 
7.
 
InstituciónWorld Energy Council (WEC)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,2
Número páginas52
Descargar bajo https://www.worldenergy.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Resources-E-storage-report-2016.02.04.pdf
Resumen/Abstract This report seeks to interrogate what the cost base of an array of storage technologies really means. The key conclusion is that a narrow focus on levelised cost alone can be misleading. Throughout
the cost modelling process, the same issues repeatedly emerged, namely the importance of defining the business model under consideration and how the storage plant was being operated. The report also estimates that with the many new technologies in the pipeline, storage costs of energy will fall by as much as 70% over the next 15 years. Solar storage will become more competitive as new battery technology drives prices down, and wind storage more attractive as technical advances in areas such as composite materials enables the power generated by wind turbines to increase.  
Palabras claveAlmacenamiento de energía; Electricidad; Energía eólica; Energía solar; Nivel mundial; Normas técnicas; Recursos
 
8.
 
InstituciónTHEnergy; Ripasso Energy
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,8
Número páginas13
Descargar bajo http://www.th-energy.net/app/download/13149544124/2016FEB-Study_Ripasso-THEnergy.pdf?t=1455100163
Resumen/Abstract Energy consumption in mining is typically high. Approximately 20% of the energy that the global industry consumes and around 10% of world energy consumption is used for extraction and processing of
mineral resources. From the mining industry’s perspective, energy is also an important cost factor. Normally 20-40% of a mine’s operating costs are expenditures for energy. Additional aspects are security of electricity supply, as we see blackouts in the electricity grids of many developing countries and mine outages due to issues with the diesel provision of off-grid mines. Renewable energy solutions have become increasingly interesting for mines. Falling costs have been a main driver over years for solar and wind energy solutions. One of the main barriers at this stage are intermittencies of solar and wind power plants. Already today there are quite a few examples of mines having integrated electricity from renewable resources into their energy mix.2 In off-grid contexts, the business case for so called solar diesel hybrid installations is particularly advantageous. One of the main issues is, however, that a high renewable energy share requires storage solutions, which are rather expensive today. The study analyses the Stirling engine based system and its suitability for mining applications. It covers aspects as baseload capabilities, robustness of the system, flexibility regarding fuel types and land and water use.  
Palabras claveEnergía eólica; Energía solar; Petróleo; Sector minero
 
9.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA); Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme (ETSAP)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,9
Número páginas28
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA-ETSAP_Tech_Brief_Wind_Power_E07.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The size of wind turbines has continuously increased over several decades to boost power generation from this key renewable energy source. As this technology brief from IRENA and IEA-ETSAP notes,
large-scale wind farms and larger turbines drive the ongoing reduction of electricity costs. Onshore wind power generation, with costs largely confined to turbines, installation and maintenance, has become highly cost competitive against new-built conventional power plants. Offshore wind plants, while requiring greater investments in construction and grid connectivity, show long-term promise for high volumes of sustainable power generation. Weight reduction, aerodynamic efficiency, and material selection are all important factors to reduce wind costs both onshore and offshore. Detailed aerodynamic analysis of turbine blades and the development of lighter, stronger materials is essential to improve efficiency even more. Policy makers, meanwhile, can reduce regulatory risks by ensuring predictable time frames and putting appropriate frameworks in place for wind development. Wind developers can strengthen their investments by undertaking and following proper environmental impact assessments at the start of each project.  
Palabras claveCostos; Energía eólica; Tecnología de la energía
 
10.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)15,0
Número páginas106
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Grid_Codes_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Increasing the share of renewable power from variable sources, namely solar and wind energy, requires technological developments to be accompanied by well-designed regulations for grid management and
operation. Grid connection codes for variable renewable energy (VRE) sources have evolved hand-in-hand with technological and operational practices, driving the adoption of the best available technologies for VRE grid integration. Lessons from pioneering countries can help in drafting a grid code for VRE integration. Yet national codes should not be appropriated wholesale from other countries. Precise technical requirements need to reflect local conditions, including the character of the existing power system. System size, voltage, interconnections, generation and distributions loads, the conventional energy mix, and the prevailing policies on renewable energy must all be taken into account. Codes must define the respective roles and responsibilities of the government and the grid operator, as well as set compliance verification mechanisms. IRENA’s report provides guidance for countries with ambitious VRE targets to develop grid codes that assure power system security. The report offers revealing case studies from several countries, including: Barbados: Early stages of grid code development for a country with rising VRE targets; Germany: Policy and technical co-ordination to resolve the “50.2 Hertz problem”, triggered by rapid penetration of solar photovoltaics in low-voltage systems; Ireland: Challenges posed by wind power in an island system without strong cross-border interconnections.  
Palabras claveCaribe; Energía eólica; Energía renovable variable (VRE); Energía solar; Estudio de caso; Redes electricas inteligentes
 
 
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