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1.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)3,3
Número páginas20
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Jobs_Annual_Review_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review presents the status of renewable energy employment, both by technology and in selected countries, over the past year. In this third edition, IRENA estimates
that renewable energy employed 8.1 million people around the world in 2014 (excluding large hydropower). This is a 5% increase from the number reported the previous year. In addition, IRENA conducted a second global estimate of large hydropower employment, showing approximately 1.3 million direct jobs in the sector. While the growth in jobs slowed down compared to previous years, the total number of jobs in renewables worldwide continued to rise, in stark contrast with depressed labour markets in the broader energy sector. Countries with the highest number of renewable energy jobs were China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan and Germany. Solar PV was the largest renewable energy employer with 2.8 million jobs worldwide, an 11% increase over 2014. Solar PV employment grew in Japan and the United States, stabilised in China, and continued decreasing in the European Union. Wind power witnessed a record growth year. Strong installation rates in China, the United States and Germany resulted in a 5% increase in global employment, to reach 1.1 million jobs.  
Palabras claveBrasil; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía renovable; Energía solar; Género; Mercado de trabajo; Nivel mundial
 
2.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,2
Número páginas56
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Capacity_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Los datos de capacidad de generación eléctrica con energías renovables que se muestran en el presente documento representan la capacidad máxima de generación neta de las centrales
eléctricas y otras instalaciones que utilizan fuentes de energías renovables para producir electricidad. Para la mayoría de los países y las tecnologías, los datos reflejan la capacidad instalada y conectada al final del año natural. Los datos se presentan en megavatios (MW) redondeados al megavatio entero más cercano, con cifras entre cero y 0.5MW representadas como un 0.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Estadísticas; Generación de energía; Nivel mundial
 
3.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,8
Número páginas36
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Boosting_Biofuels_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Substantial potential exists to expand both food and fuel supply in a sustainable fashion. This report examines sustainable paths for biofuel development.
These include: Boosting yields of food crops and residues; Freeing up farmland through yield improvements; Reducing losses and waste in the food chain; Freeing up pastureland through better livestock management. Further biofuel potential could also be unlocked through: Afforestation using fast-growing trees; Algae cultivation from organic waste or carbon dioxide. Part of this potential can be harnessed through “first-generation” technologies, which produce biofuel from crops like sugar cane, maize and palm oil. More can be harnessed through “second-generation” technologies, which convert lignocellulose from farm and forest residues, grasses and wood. More still can be harnessed through “third-generation” technologies to produce biofuel from algae. How much of the world’s theoretical bioenergy potential can practically be harnessed? Amid great uncertainties about land use, crop yields and costs for biofuel conversion, it is hard to know. However, policies that encourage higher farm yields, promote sustainable forestry and foster cost-effective conversion technologies will all help to boost sustainable biofuel production. This, in turn, will enhance global energy security, boost economic development and help to limit global climate change.  
Palabras claveBiocombustibles a partir de algas; Biocombustibles de segunda generación; Energía de biomasa; Nivel mundial; Potencial de biomasa; Seguridad energética
 
4.
 
InstituciónRenewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21)
Publicado Paris, 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)20,0
Número páginas272
Descargar bajo http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/GSR_2016_Full_Report_REN21.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The year 2015 was an extraordinary one for renewable energy. High-profile agreements were made by G7 and G20 governments to accelerate access to renewable energy and to advance energy efficiency. The
United Nations General Assembly adopted a dedicated Sustainable Development Goal on Sustainable Energy for All (SDG 7). Despite a dramatic decline in global fossil fuel prices, the world saw the largest global capacity additions from renewables to date. However, continuing fossil fuel subsidies and low fossil fuel prices did slow growth in the heating and cooling sector, in particular. This year’s report clearly demonstrates the enormous potential of renewables. However, to accelerate the transition to a healthier, more secure and climate-safe future, we need to build a smarter, more flexible system that maximises the use of variable sources of renewable energy and that accommodates both centralised and decentralised as well as community-based generation.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energías renovables; Estadísticas; Inversiones; Mercados de energía; Nivel mundial
 
5.
 
InstituciónUruguay XXI
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,4
Número páginas38
Descargar bajo http://www.uruguayxxi.gub.uy/informacion/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2016/03/Informe-de-energ%C3%ADas-renovables-Uruguay-XXI-Marzo-2016.pdf
Resumen/AbstractEl presente informe trata de la producción de energía en base a fuentes renovables en Uruguay, que genera importantes oportunidades para el inversor.
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidraúlica; Energía solar; Inversiones; Marco regulatorio; Pobreza energética; Uruguay
 
6.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,1
Número páginas84
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_LAC_RE_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive renewable energy statistics on a range of topics. This publication presents IRENA’s latest statistics for renewable power
generation and capacity, as well as renewable energy balances for all countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region. Data have been obtained from a variety of sources, including the IRENA questionnaire, official national statistics, industry association reports, consultant reports and news articles. IRENA gratefully acknowledges the support of national correspondents and other experts for their help in compiling this dataset.  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina y el Caribe; Biogas; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energías alternativas; Estadísticas
 
7.
 
InstituciónGerman Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)4,7
Número páginas131
Descargar bajo http://www.bmwi.de/English/Redaktion/Pdf/innovation-durch-forschung-forschungsfoerderung-ee-2014,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi2012,sprache=en,rwb=true.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The annual "Innovation Through Research" report provides substantive information about the entire spectrum of applied research funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy in the
field of non-nuclear energy technology. This report is the first one which, following the change in ministerial portfolios, presents the research being funded along the entire energy chain: the generation of energy from renewable and fossil sources, energy transmission and storage, and efficient energy use in buildings, urban environments and industry. It highlights findings from research and development made in 2014, provides background information on the latest technological and market developments, and presents in detail individual projects which illustrate the significance and diversity of the research work.  
Palabras claveAlemania; Eficiencia energética; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Financiación de la investigación; Innovación tecnológica; Redes electricas inteligentes
 
8.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)18,1
Número páginas164
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Power_Costs_2014_report.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The competitiveness of renewable power generation technologies continued improving in 2013 and 2014, reaching historic levels. Biomass for power, hydropower, geothermal and onshore wind can all
provide electricity competitively against fossil fuel-fired power generation. Solar photovoltaic (PV) power has also become increasingly competitive, with its levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) at utility scale falling by half in four years. Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014 aims to reduce uncertainty about the true costs of renewable power generation technologies, so that governments can be more ambitious and efficient in their policy support for renewables. As this comprehensive report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) underlines, perceptions that such technologies are expensive or uncompetitive are outdated, at best.  
Palabras claveCostos; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidraúlica; Energía solar; Nivel mundial
 
9.
 
InstituciónEnergy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP); Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)7,5
Número páginas179
Descargar bajo https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/21878/96499.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Nearly 3 billion people in the developing world continue to rely on solid fuel for their cooking needs with serious impacts on economic development, human health, and the environment. The WHO
estimates that exposure to household air pollution due to the use of solid fuels for cooking results in 4.3 million premature deaths and 110 million DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) every year. For the last four years, an international effort led by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves with participation from the World Bank and other international organizations has been underway, spurring interventions around the globe with the objective of getting 100 million households to adopt clean and improved cooking solutions by 2020. The goal of universal energy access by 2030 under the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative has provided additional momentum to this effort. This report, developed by ESMAP in collaboration with the Alliance, builds a strong evidence-based case for accelerating clean cooking solutions in pursuit of sustainable development. It provides a comprehensive picture of the current state of the clean cooking sector. Building on the latest literature and using original research and analysis, the report maps sector demand and supply trends, and provides the first ever global baseline and market forecast for clean and improved cooking solutions. Additionally, the report suggests a number of steps that governments, donors, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector can take accelerate the adoptions of clean, efficient cooking stoves and fuels. The central message from the report is that the household cooking market has immense potential with households, that together already spend over US$100 billion annually on cooking fuel. While there remain formidable challenges to overcome, there is significant opportunity in the large and growing clean cooking market.  
Palabras claveAnálisis de la situación actual; Cocinas mejoradas; Cocinas solares; Energía de biomasa; Energía solar
 
10.
 
InstituciónUniversiteit Twente
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,1
Número páginas15
Descargar bajo http://waterfootprint.org/media/downloads/Mekonnen-et-al-2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Water is essential for electricity and heat production. This study assesses the consumptive water footprint (WF) of electricity and heat generation per world region in the three main stages of the
production chain, i.e. fuel supply, construction and operation. We consider electricity from power plants using coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, uranium or biomass as well as electricity from wind, solar and geothermal energy and hydropower. The global consumptive WF of electricity and heat is estimated to be 378 billion m3 per year. Wind energy , solar energy through PV and geothermal energy have the smallest WFs, while biomass and hydropower have the largest. The WFs of electricity from fossil fuels and nuclear energy range between the extremes. The global weighted-average WF of electricity and heat is 4241 m3. Europe has the largest WF (22% of the total), followed by China (15%), Latin America (14%), the USA and Canada (12%), and India (9%). Hydropower (49%) and firewood (43%) dominate the global WF. Operations (global average 57%) and fuel supply (43%) contribute the most, while the WF of construction is negligible (0.02%). Electricity production contributes 90% to the total WF, and heat contributes 10%. In 2012, the global WF of electricity and heat was 1.8 times larger than that in 2000. The WF of electricity and heat from firewood increased four times, and the WF of hydropower grew by 23%. The sector's WF can be most effectively reduced by shifting to greater contributions of wind, PV and geothermal energy.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Generación de energía eléctrica; Huella de agua
 
 
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