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1.
 
InstituciónRenewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21)
Publicado Paris, 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)20,0
Número páginas272
Descargar bajo http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/GSR_2016_Full_Report_REN21.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The year 2015 was an extraordinary one for renewable energy. High-profile agreements were made by G7 and G20 governments to accelerate access to renewable energy and to advance energy efficiency. The
United Nations General Assembly adopted a dedicated Sustainable Development Goal on Sustainable Energy for All (SDG 7). Despite a dramatic decline in global fossil fuel prices, the world saw the largest global capacity additions from renewables to date. However, continuing fossil fuel subsidies and low fossil fuel prices did slow growth in the heating and cooling sector, in particular. This year’s report clearly demonstrates the enormous potential of renewables. However, to accelerate the transition to a healthier, more secure and climate-safe future, we need to build a smarter, more flexible system that maximises the use of variable sources of renewable energy and that accommodates both centralised and decentralised as well as community-based generation.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energías renovables; Estadísticas; Inversiones; Mercados de energía; Nivel mundial
 
2.
 
InstituciónUruguay XXI
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)2,4
Número páginas38
Descargar bajo http://www.uruguayxxi.gub.uy/informacion/wp-content/uploads/sites/9/2016/03/Informe-de-energ%C3%ADas-renovables-Uruguay-XXI-Marzo-2016.pdf
Resumen/AbstractEl presente informe trata de la producción de energía en base a fuentes renovables en Uruguay, que genera importantes oportunidades para el inversor.
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidraúlica; Energía solar; Inversiones; Marco regulatorio; Pobreza energética; Uruguay
 
3.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,1
Número páginas84
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_LAC_RE_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive renewable energy statistics on a range of topics. This publication presents IRENA’s latest statistics for renewable power
generation and capacity, as well as renewable energy balances for all countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region. Data have been obtained from a variety of sources, including the IRENA questionnaire, official national statistics, industry association reports, consultant reports and news articles. IRENA gratefully acknowledges the support of national correspondents and other experts for their help in compiling this dataset.  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina y el Caribe; Biogas; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar; Energías alternativas; Estadísticas
 
4.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)3,3
Número páginas20
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Jobs_Annual_Review_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review presents the status of renewable energy employment, both by technology and in selected countries, over the past year. In this third edition, IRENA estimates
that renewable energy employed 8.1 million people around the world in 2014 (excluding large hydropower). This is a 5% increase from the number reported the previous year. In addition, IRENA conducted a second global estimate of large hydropower employment, showing approximately 1.3 million direct jobs in the sector. While the growth in jobs slowed down compared to previous years, the total number of jobs in renewables worldwide continued to rise, in stark contrast with depressed labour markets in the broader energy sector. Countries with the highest number of renewable energy jobs were China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan and Germany. Solar PV was the largest renewable energy employer with 2.8 million jobs worldwide, an 11% increase over 2014. Solar PV employment grew in Japan and the United States, stabilised in China, and continued decreasing in the European Union. Wind power witnessed a record growth year. Strong installation rates in China, the United States and Germany resulted in a 5% increase in global employment, to reach 1.1 million jobs.  
Palabras claveBrasil; Energía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía renovable; Energía solar; Género; Mercado de trabajo; Nivel mundial
 
5.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,2
Número páginas56
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Capacity_Statistics_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Los datos de capacidad de generación eléctrica con energías renovables que se muestran en el presente documento representan la capacidad máxima de generación neta de las centrales
eléctricas y otras instalaciones que utilizan fuentes de energías renovables para producir electricidad. Para la mayoría de los países y las tecnologías, los datos reflejan la capacidad instalada y conectada al final del año natural. Los datos se presentan en megavatios (MW) redondeados al megavatio entero más cercano, con cifras entre cero y 0.5MW representadas como un 0.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía hidroeléctrica; Energía solar fotovoltaica; Estadísticas; Generación de energía; Nivel mundial
 
6.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2016
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,8
Número páginas36
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_Boosting_Biofuels_2016.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Substantial potential exists to expand both food and fuel supply in a sustainable fashion. This report examines sustainable paths for biofuel development.
These include: Boosting yields of food crops and residues; Freeing up farmland through yield improvements; Reducing losses and waste in the food chain; Freeing up pastureland through better livestock management. Further biofuel potential could also be unlocked through: Afforestation using fast-growing trees; Algae cultivation from organic waste or carbon dioxide. Part of this potential can be harnessed through “first-generation” technologies, which produce biofuel from crops like sugar cane, maize and palm oil. More can be harnessed through “second-generation” technologies, which convert lignocellulose from farm and forest residues, grasses and wood. More still can be harnessed through “third-generation” technologies to produce biofuel from algae. How much of the world’s theoretical bioenergy potential can practically be harnessed? Amid great uncertainties about land use, crop yields and costs for biofuel conversion, it is hard to know. However, policies that encourage higher farm yields, promote sustainable forestry and foster cost-effective conversion technologies will all help to boost sustainable biofuel production. This, in turn, will enhance global energy security, boost economic development and help to limit global climate change.  
Palabras claveBiocombustibles a partir de algas; Biocombustibles de segunda generación; Energía de biomasa; Nivel mundial; Potencial de biomasa; Seguridad energética
 
7.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,3
Número páginas28
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA-ETSAP_Tech_Brief_E05_Biomass%20for%20Heat%20and%20Power.pdf
Resumen/Abstract More than half of the total global renewable energy consumption today is based on biomass. This IRENA/IEA-ETSAP Technology Brief provides technical background analyses the potential and barriers for
market growth, and offers insights for policy makers on this key renewable energy technology. In the power sector, biomass is typically co-fired with coal in large-scale power plants and gasified or combusted in medium to small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) plants. Furthermore it provides heating (for space and cooking) and hot water in residential homes and process heat in industrial plants in the chemical, cement, pulp and paper, and food-processing industries Although this vital renewable energy resource is available in almost every country, new technology developments in cultivation, pre-treatment, collection and transport of biomass have increased the availability of feedstock that are sustainable and with high energy content, at affordable prices. Main challenges related to bioenergy is its sustainable supply and the management and optimisation of potential benefits and trade-offs, such as greenhouse gas emission savings, biodiversity, employment opportunities and competition with food.  
Palabras claveBarreras al crecimiento del mercado; Energía de biomasa; Tecnologías
 
8.
 
InstituciónWorld Resources Institute (WRI)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)0,7
Número páginas44
Descargar bajo http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/avoiding_bioenergy_competition_food_crops_land.pdf
Resumen/Abstract Installment 9 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future shows that any dedicated use of land for growing bioenergy inherently comes at the cost of not using that land for growing food or animal feed, or
for storing carbon. It recommends several policy changes to phase out forms of bioenergy that use crops or that otherwise make dedicated use of land.  
Palabras claveBiocombustibles; Energía de biomasa; Nexo Agua-Energía-Alimentos; Nivel mundial; Política energética; Sector agropecuario; Uso de la tierra
 
9.
 
InstituciónCentre Internacional de Mètodes Numèrics en Enginyeria (CIMNE), Spain; Instituto Nacional de Eficencia Energética y Energías Renovables (INER), Ecuador et al
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)1,6
Número páginas11
Descargar bajo http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jaime_Marti-Herrero/publication/276289890_The_influence_of_users%27_behavior_on_biogas_production_from_low_cost_tubular_digesters_A_technical_and_socio-cultural_field_analysis/links/5555ffcf08ae6fd2d8235bab.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The aim of this paper is to understand the influence of the user behavior on tubular digesters performance, through a technical and a social approach in the Bolivian context. Fifteen domestic
digesters were evaluated, from which 6 were installed in the Altiplano and other 6 in the Andean Valleys. Data about slurry temperature, feedstock and biogas quality were collected from these 12 digesters, while daily biogas production and feeding pattern were also monitored from further three digesters in the valleys. Because of changes in user behavior along the monitoring period and particular characteristics of the digesters monitored, 5 complete patterns of biogas production and digester management were established. Furthermore, the results of a socio-cultural study with Andean families about the perception of poverty, their needs and the role played by digesters in their expectations in improving life quality, are correlated to the obtained technical data. The technical evaluation shows how the digester management seems to have a seasonal performance throughout the year according to the agricultural calendar. This means that families are more interested in using bioslurry in crops and agricultural improvements than in the use of biogas. The Bolivian government subsidy on liquefied gas seems to be one of the key issues to understand these results. Finally, data also reveals how the thermal behavior of tubular digesters adapted to cold climate that use a passive solar design, is similar to the thermal behavior of valley digesters, and therefore intends to add the same passive heating techniques for warm and tropical climates, to increase slurry temperatures and achieve a higher biogas production.  
Palabras claveAmérica Latina; Análisis sociocultural; Biodigestores; Biogas; Bolivia; Energía de biomasa
 
10.
 
InstituciónInternational Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Publicado 2015
Título de la serie
ISBN o ISSN
Tamaño del Archivo (MB)8,9
Número páginas68
Descargar bajo http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_GlobalAtlas_World_of_Renewables_2015.pdf
Resumen/Abstract The Global Atlas for Renewable Energy (Global Atlas) aims to close the gap between countries with access to the datasets, expertise and financial support to evaluate their renewable energy potential,
and those lacking such elements. As of January 2015, a total of 67 countries and more than 50 institutes and partners were contributing to the initiative, which is coordinated by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The Global Atlas facilitates a first screening for areas of opportunity for more detailed assessments. It enables the user to overlay information listed in a catalogue of more than 1,000 datasets, and to identify areas of interest for further prospection. This brochure presents an extract of the datasets hosted by the Global Atlas. All information in the booklet is also available through the Global Atlas interface, where IRENA is continuously adding information to the system. The interface includes maps on solar, wind, geothermal and bioenergy resources, along with one marine energy map. The datasets will eventually encompass all renewable energy resources, providing the first-ever global coverage in a resource-assessment atlas of this kind. IRENA is grateful to the data providers of the Global Atlas for making this publication possible.  
Palabras claveEnergía de biomasa; Energía eólica; Energía geotérmica; Energía solar; Energías renovables; Potenciales
 
 
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